By Universidade do Minho, Núcleo de Investigação em Políticas Económicas - NIPE, 2014


The purpose of this study is to analyse the relationship between European Territorial Cooperation and Culture. A strategic component is added to the analysis component, seeking to identify funding opportunities for culture in Portugal within the scope of ETC programmes. This study’s main objectives are to: i) briefly analyse the history of cohesion policy and of the ETC, particularly in Portugal; ii) review the literature on the delimitation of the cultural and creative sectors and on the role of culture in cohesion policy and in the ETC; iii) analyse the ETC programmes in the last two programming periods, emphasizing the position of Portuguese entities and the weight of cultural or culture related projects; iv) to analyse the experience of Portuguese entities in ETC programmes and their view on how they work; v) to obtain the perspective of project coordinators and programme managers on these matters; vi) to analyse the orientations and priorities of cohesion policy in general and of the ETC programmes, in particular, in the next programming period; vii) to elaborate proposals of entry-points for cultural initiatives in ETC programmes; viii) to analyse the ETC’s current situation and perspectives using a SWOT analysis; and, ix) to present a set of policy recommendations to improve the Portuguese cultural sector’s approach to these programmes.

By UNESCO, 2009


This UNESCO World Report seeks to show that acknowledging cultural diversity helps to renew the international community’s strategies in a series of areas so as to further its ambitious objectives, with the support and involvement of local populations. For culture is not simply another sector of activity, a mass consumption product or an asset to be preserved. Culture is the very substratum of all human activities, which derive their meaning and value from it. This is why the recognition of cultural diversity can help to ensure that ownership of development and peace initiatives is vested in the populations concerned.

By Martine Cardel Gertsen, Anne-Marie Soederberg and Eero Vaara, 2000


There have been a number of attempts to explain post-merger problems by cultural differences, and in this paper, we argue that much previous research on mergers is based on an essentialist concept of culture. We claim that this conception is a problematic starting point for cultural studies, and argue for a social constructionist alternative. The conceptual challenges we address are: decontextualization of cultural issues, cultural differentiation and fragmentation, and structural versus processual views on culture. We also outline an agenda for future merger research and argue for studies focusing on cultural sensemaking processes in merging organizations by adopting narrative perspectives.

By Rădulescu Corina Michaela and Pop Izabela Luiza, 2017


The uniqueness and richness of culture and heritage in the cross-border area: Hungary, Slovakia, Romania and Ukraine (HU-SK-RO-UA) creates the opportunity for developing cultural tourism through innovative tourism and integrated tourism products, with the result of promoting tourism, generally in Europe and especially in Trans-Carpatic Region. For this purpose, new projects initiated can achieve better cooperation and coordination between the relevant stakeholders in the tourism sector, as well as to develop and implement joint tourism strategies. The paper presents a project proposal on promoting the culture and heritage in HU-SK-RO-UA area, through tourism function. The main activities designed in the project lead to joint cross-border tourism management in order to increase the attractiveness of cultural sites and joint cross-border touristic offer, by strengthening joint new touristic products and organizing joint cultural events.