By Tina Freyburg, Tatiana Skripka and Anne Wetzel, 2007


This paper is part of an alternative theoretical perspective on the European Union’s democracy promotion. Drawing on authors who have taken an unconventional view on democracy, we develop the concept of democratic governance that allows an assessment of the democratic quality of sectoral governance. The first part of the paper outlines the model in which the EU promotes democratic governance through sector-specific co-operation with neighbouring countries. The second part conceptualises democratic governance. The third and main part discusses the three dimensions of democratic governance: (i) transparency; (ii) accountability; and (iii) participation. Illustrations for these dimensions are provided from the programmes that the EU undertakes in the sectors of competition, environment, labour, and migration and asylum in Morocco, Russia and Ukraine.

Download this file (WP5.pdf)Democracy between the Lines[ ]

By John W. Selsky and Barbara Parker, 2005


Project-based cross-sector partnerships to address social issues (CSSPs) occur in four “arenas”: business-nonprofit, business-government, government-nonprofit, and trisector. Research on CSSPs is multidisciplinary, and different conceptual “platforms” are used: resource dependence, social issues, and societal sector platforms. This article consolidates recent literature on CSSPs to improve the potential for cross-disciplinary fertilization and especially to highlight developments in various disciplines for organizational researchers. A number of possible directions for future research on the theory, process, practice, method, and critique of CSSPs are highlighted. The societal sector platform is identified as a particularly promising framework for future research.

By European Commission, 2017


In order to deliver sector-specific skills solutions, the New Skills Agenda for Europe has launched the Blueprint for Sectoral Cooperation on Skills. The Blueprint is a new framework for strategic cooperation between key stakeholders (e.g. businesses, trade unions, research, education and training institutions, public authorities) in a given economic sector. It will stimulate investment and encourage the strategic use of EU and national funding opportunities. The aim is to develop concrete actions to satisfy short and medium term skills needs to support the overall sectoral strategy.

By Jale Tosun & Achim Lang, 2013


The coordination and integration of cross-sectoral policies have received burgeoning attention by both political scientists and practitioners. The European Union (EU), for example, has argued that no effective environmental policy can be formulated unless it is coordinated with decisions in cognate policy areas. This principle of environmental policy integration already mentioned back in 1987 when the Single European Act was adopted, but its scope has been extended ever since. Today, it
represents a key policy principle in the EU (Tosun and Solorio 2011). In fact, both scholars and practitioners agree that complex problems often require the coordination and integration of crosssectoral policies. The International Labour Organization (ILO), for instance, even has a department, i.e. the Policy Coherence Initiative, that aims at assisting countries to formulate and adopt policy portfolios that support coherence between the objectives of economic growth and the generation of work.