By Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)/Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), 2018


This paper discusses how to think about international cooperation for development. It proposes that new narratives of development cooperation should move from graduation to gradation, using a toolkit based on five pillars. First, international cooperation for development should measure development beyond per capita GDP. Second, the cooperation strategies and focus of development should be linked to national strategies and reflect a multidimensional approach. Third, the focus of the multilateral agenda should be based on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development promoting better global public goods. Fourth, the governance and financing approach to cooperation should look beyond official development assistant (ODA) and be multilevel in nature, taking into consideration South-South and triangular cooperation as well as horizontal cooperation across different levels of government. Finally, international cooperation should go beyond traditional instruments and include such modalities as innovative instruments of knowledge-sharing, capacity-building and technology transfers.

The new global context and challenges in the Latin American and Caribbean region call for new international cooperation perspectives based on common interests, shared values and strong complementarities, including the partnership between the European Union and Latin America and the Caribbean. Although discrepancies and heterogeneities remain across emerging and developing economies, the policy implications in this document are useful for other regions.

By Nora Dahlhaus and Daniela Weißkopf, 2017


The world is changing rapidly. Political, economic, social and environmental disruptions are leading to growing insecurity within states and societies around the world about what the future might bring. In the European Union, the political uncertainty which became painfully visible through the Brexit referendum in 2016 has shaken the confidence of many Europeans in a construct which they had previously taken for granted. In this and similar contexts, scenario building has become a popular instrument to deal with uncertainties and prepare for possible future realities. Scenarios are
an important instrument to foster future strategies for international cooperation and to prevent crisis dynamics. By illustrating the different ways in which current global challenges might develop in the future, they urge the international community to consider the long-term effects of the decisions policy-makers take today. This Global Dialogue depicts the progress in the field of scenario building as well as the possibilities, problems and pitfalls that come along with it. With the explanation of techniques and examples, the reader will be able to understand the theoretical and practical use of scenarios, as well as their shortcomings and failures.

By Sebastian Paulo, 2014


Any credible claim to implement an agenda for global development – such as currently discussed in the post-2015 process – will require integrating the broader framework of international cooperation into this effort. A wide, but vague consensus that global framework conditions matter for development has already existed in past development debates. However, good resolutions such as MDG 8 for a global partnership have shown insufficient progress in practice. This paper reviews key aspects of the relationship between international cooperation and development at a conceptual level. Drawing on a distinction between domestic and global public goods as enablers and goals of development, the paper first illustrates the role of international cooperation and its interdependence with domestic action. The framework identifies contact points in the relationship between global and domestic action and goals with the categories of provision, support, access and preservation. The second part of the paper reviews key concepts of patterns of international cooperation that represent the elements of the global governance framework to which a broadening development agenda needs to link up more strongly. Overall, the conceptual review underlines that the question of how international cooperation works has moved to the centre of development studies. Yet, an even bigger challenge than achieving cooperation in the first place might be to steer the complex architecture and processes of international cooperation towards contributing to a global agenda for development.

By Egidio Dansero and Cristina Scarpocchi, 2014


The session aimed at investigating the relationship between cooperation and local development practices in the
Global South. Theoretically as well as at the level of development cooperation policies and strategies, a reconfiguration
of the reference scales at which the very idea of development is conceptualized has been taking place since the
Seventies. The context is that of the process of reorganization of the international politico-economic system that began
in those years, which also encouraged the social sciences to adopt new perspectives in analyzing and interpreting social
phenomena and economic processes. Alongside the essentially aspatial and macroeconomic approaches which remain
dominant to this day, an attention to the local dimensions of development has gradually gained ground, moving from
somewhat subterranean beginnings to its current prominence. This reconfiguration is very much part of the
considerations that have matured since the early Eighties regarding the crisis that swept through the field of
development studies and the post-impasse debate that has enlivened the subsequent decades. In this context, local
development has steadily become more and more central to development policies, starting with a number of Northern
countries in the Eighties, and explicitly emerging in the developing countries since the second half of the Nineties.