Steer Davies Gleave. August 2003.

The European Union has decided a sustainable development strategy that includes as an important objective the ‘decoupling’ of transport growth from economic growth. This reflects grave concerns about the problems that would inevitably be associated with ever-increasing

Jean-Paul Rodrigue
Dept. of Global Studies & Geography, Hofstra University ,2010.

The Geography of Transport Systems, formally known as "Transport Geography on the Web", represents a project that has been ongoing for more than 12 years. It was initially funded by Industry Canada (1997-98) "NoteMakers: Development of World Wide Web-Based Post-Secondary Education Courses", but rapidly expanded well beyond its initial scope which was to provide basic multimedia information about transport geography. The site has now become one of the most widely used transportation source on the Internet, averaging between 45,000 and 50,000 unique visitors per month, mostly from private enterprises, government agencies and academic institutions.

The Geography of Transport Systems

J.Ausubel, C.Marchetti

Travel benefits from orientation-fixed points by which to navigate. Our aim is to provide some fixed points derived from a technical analysis of transport systems that enables us to understand past travel and prepare for its future. Along the way, the lunacy of popular ideas such as car pooling, telecommuting, and the revival of traditional railroads will become clear. Instead, we will offer something far more beautiful: a transport system emitting zero pollutants and sparing the surface landscape, while people on average range hundreds of kilometers daily on a system of “green” mobility.

Passenger traffic in general: as car ownership remains among the highest in the world, congestion - still mild by international comparison- is getting worse around the cities; however, due to attempts at a more sustainable mobility, all modes of public transport are growing steadily; the number of air passenger is growing fast again after a previous dip.

Ministère de l'Équipement, du Tourisme et de la Mer. France 2006.

La démarche prospective Transports 2050 a été initiée et conduite par le Conseil Général des Ponts et Chaussées en vue d’engager un débat sur le devenir à long terme du système des transports. Elle est destinée à favoriser l’émergence d’une culture du long terme, partagée avec les services du ministère des Transports et ses partenaires, et à construire des références communes et des questionnements à soumettre aux décideurs publics.

Boing, 2015

For the aviation industry, 2014 was an outstanding year—key metrics increased across the board, and we will continue to see this trend, with lower oil prices expected to save the industry tens of billions of dollars in 2015 alone.

Passenger traffic as measured by revenue passenger kilometers (RPK) was up nearly six percent in 2014, and capacity was up nearly 5.8 percent. The result was record load factors of almost 80 percent worldwide. Airlines continued using their airplanes more efficiently, as demonstrated by utilization rates that were 15 percent higher than those of a decade earlier. 

Because of lower oil prices and various increased efficiencies, airlines had profits of US$20 billion during 2014, which was also a record year for airplane manufacturers such as Boeing and Airbus. Over 1,490 jet airplanes were delivered, and airlines ordered approximately 3,680 new airplanes.

Airbus, 2016

Airbus’ Global Market Forecast for 2016-2035 offers a forward-looking view of the air transport sector’s evolution – accounting for factors such as demographic and economic growth, tourism trends, oil prices, development of new and existing routes, and ultimately highlighting demand for aircraft covering the full spectrum of sizes from 100 seats to the very largest aircraft over 500 seats.

Entitled “Mapping Demand” this new forecast – which serves as a reference for airlines, airports, investors, governments, non-governmental agencies and others – anticipates that air traffic will grow at 4.5 per cent annually, requiring some 33,000 new passenger and dedicated freighter aircraft at a value of US$ 5.2 trillion over the next 20 years. For the first time Airbus has released results from its “Global Services Forecast” which shows a Maintenance Repair & Overhaul (MRO) business totalling US$1.8 trillion and the need for in excess of a 500,000 new pilots over the next 20 years.