Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament, 2008.

The ATM Master Plan provides the roadmap for the development and deployment phases of the SESAR programme which constitutes the technological pillar of the Single European Sky policy. SESAR aims at developing the new generation air traffic management system capable of ensuring safety and efficiency of air transport throughout Europe over the next 30 years.

Motoring Towards 2050 – Roads and Reality. RAC Foundation, UK 2008

The use of roads depends on transport modes used by people and those moving goods. Clearly rail, water and airborne transport do not make direct demands on the road network, but in many situations access to their terminals requires road transport. The use of public transport depends on its price and service characteristics in relation to current travel needs and these in turn depend on modal characteristics network coverage and capacity. This note looks at the use of public transport today, how it has changed over recent years and the role it is likely to play in future.

Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research, Karlsruhe.(ISI)
Funded by European Commission. 2007-2009

iTREN-2030 will extend the forecasting and assessment capabilities of existing tools for the analysis of transport policies. The project will: Develop a linkage between the existing transport analysis tool TRANS-TOOLS and the POLES tool for energy technology and prices, the TREMOVE tool for environmental assessment and vehicle fleet development and the ASTRA tool for studying the economic effects of sectoral policies. Generate a consistent baseline, reflected by each of the four tools, for technology, transport, energy, environment and economic development until 2030.

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Mapping policy for electricity, water and transport. OECD 2007

This publication is the final report on the two-year OECD Futures Project “Global Infrastructure Needs: Prospects and Implications for Public and Private Actors”. It presents the main findings and policy recommendations from the project, as well as expert papers that assess the future viability of current business models in electricity, water, rail, road and urban public transport infrastructure sectors

Download this file (Infrastructure_to_2030.pdf)Infrastructure_to_2030.pdf[ ]

This paper presents an overview of European policy on interconnected cross-border transport networks as well as of severe problems in estimating empirically the avalanche of goods movements in the European Union (EU). In particular, it deals with the Transalpine freight transport case, which represents one of the most challenging operational and policy issues of the present and future - both international (EU) and national (the Alpine countries) - freight transport developments.

Download this file (freight_transport.pdf)freight_transport.pdf[ ]

Commission Staff Working Document. EC 2007.

This document reports on the results of the assessment of a series of actions the European Commission is considering carrying out to improve the efficiency of services for freight transport logistics in the EU and to secure that these develop in a manner that is in accordance with the concerns over the health of our natural and social environments. These actions may be incorporated in an EU Logistics Action Plan, as called for in the June 2006 Communication on Freight Transport Logistics.

European Conference of Ministers of Transport, 2003

The Seminar Managing the Fundamental Drivers of Transport Demand was organised by the Belgian Presidency of the ECMT in order to prepare the ground for a debate between Ministers on sustainable transport polices at the 2003 Council of Ministers. This meeting marked the 50th anniversary of the Conference and was a time for taking stock of achievements and looking forward to the key challenges for transport policy in the coming years. The contribution of the sector to more sustainable development is clearly a major part of that challenge. The conclusions of the seminar completed the dossier for Ministers on integrated transport and environment policy, complementing conclusions on the reform of transport charges and taxes and recommendations on integrated assessment and effective decision making support, which lies at the heart of more integrated policy making.

European Environment Agency (EEA) 2008

The transport sector in Europe continues to increase its emissions of greenhouse gases, which remain a key challenge in creating a low-carbon future. The main cause of increased emissions is the growth in transport demand; freight and passenger traffic continue to grow at a very fast pace, outstripping gains made through fuel and energy efficiency. The vast majority of actions to reduce the carbon footprint of the transport sector has been taken within the transport sector itself and ignore the key drivers which create the demand for transport. A better understanding of the reasons behind the growth in transport demand is therefore crucial to formulating effective measures to manage and reduce the emissions.

European Commission, 2001.

The Transport White Paper adopted by the European Commission on 12 September 2001 paints a realistic picture of the present situation with regard to transport and sets out an ambitious action programme comprising 60 or so measures between now and 2010.

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Download this file (EC_WhitePaper2001.pdf)EC_WhitePaper2001.pdf[ ]

European Commission, 2006.

From a slow start, the European Union’s transport policy has developed rapidly over the past 15 years. The objectives of EU transport policy, from the transport White Paper of 1992 via the White Paper of 2001 to today’s Communication, remain valid: to help provide Europeans with efficient, effective transportation systems.

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Freight Transport Logistics focuses on the planning, organisation, management, control and execution of freight transport operations in the supply chain. It is one of the drivers of European competitiveness and thus a prime contributor to the renewed Lisbon agenda on growth and jobs. Production and distribution networks depend on high-quality, efficient logistics chains to organise the transport of raw materials and finished goods across the EU and beyond. It is primarily a business related activity and a task for industry. Nevertheless, the authorities have a clear role to play in creating the appropriate framework conditions.


The Commission's 2001 White Paper on the European transport policy for 2010 [COM(2001) 370: "European Transport policy for 2010: time to decide"] noted the need for further measures to combat emissions from transport and stated that the Commission would encourage the development of a market for "clean vehicles". The mid-term review [COM(2006) 314: “Keep Europe moving – Sustainable mobility for our continent”] announced that the EU will stimulate environmentally friendly innovation i.a. by successive Euro norms and by the promotion of clean vehicles on the basis of public procurement.


PricewaterhouseCoopers Advisory (PwC) presents a study regarding an Impact Assessment on a new approach for the cleaner and more energy efficient vehicles directive proposal. This study was prepared by PwC for the European Commission of the European Communities, Directorate General for Transport and Energy. PwC does not accept or assume any liability or duty of care for any other purpose or to any other party. PwC shall not be liable in respect of any loss, damage or expense of whatsoever nature which may be caused by any use of this study. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not represent any official view of the Commission.


When amending Directive 1999/62/EC on charging heavy goods vehicles (HGV) for the use of infrastructure in May 2006, the European Parliament and the Council stated1 that: “No later than 10 June 2008, the Commission shall present, after examining all options including environment, noise, congestion and health-related costs, a generally applicable, transparent and comprehensible model for the assessment of all external costs to serve as the basis for future calculations of infrastructure charges”. The amending Directive adds that: “This model shall be accompanied by an impact analysis of the internalisation of external costs for all modes of transport and a strategy for a stepwise implementation of the model for all modes of transport. The report and the model shall be accompanied, if appropriate, by proposals to the European Parliament and the Council for further revision of this Directive”