OECD/FAO, 2013.
The Agricultural Outlook, 2013-2022, is a collaborative effort of the Organisation for
Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the Food and Agriculture
Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. It brings together the commodity, policy and
country expertise of both organisations and input from collaborating member countries to
provide an annual assessment of prospects for the coming decade of national, regional and
global agricultural commodity markets. This year’s edition contains for the first time a
chapter on world cotton markets. Chapter 2 has been prepared with assistance from the
Agricultural Information Institute (AII) of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and
the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) of the Government of China. However, responsibility for
the information and projections contained in this document remain those of the OECD and
FAO, and do not necessarily reflect the views of the AII or of the MoA.
The baseline projection is not a forecast about the future, but rather a plausible scenario
elaborated on the basis of specific assumptions regarding the macroeconomic conditions, the
agriculture and trade policy settings, weather conditions, longer term productivity trends and
international market developments. The projections of production, consumption, stocks, trade
and prices for the different agricultural products described and analysed in this report cover
the years 2013 to 2022. The evolution of markets over the outlook period is typically
described using the annual growth rate or percentage changes for the final year 2022 relative
to a three-year base period of 2010-12.
The individual commodity projections are subject to critical examination by national
country experts of OECD, other collaborating countries and industry experts prior to their
finalisation and publication in this report. The risks and uncertainties around the baseline
projections are examined through a number of possible alternative scenarios and stochastic
analysis, which illustrate how market outcomes may differ from the deterministic baseline
The fully documented outlook database, including historical data and projections, is
available through the OECD-FAO joint internet site www.agri-outlook.org.
See tables:

Agricultural Outlook -2013 – 2022 - Area Harvested (Xls).

Agricultural Outlook -2013 – 2022 – Production (Xls).

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European Commission, 2011.
Agricultural market developments have attracted considerable attention recently, due to
increasing consumer food prices and sharp short-term price fluctuations of agricultural
commodity prices. This medium term outlook provides a projection for major EU agricultural
commodity markets and agricultural income until the year 2020, based on a set of coherent
Under the assumptions made, agricultural commodity prices are expected to stay firm over
the medium term, supported by factors such as the growth in global food demand, the
development of the biofuel sector and a prolongation of the long-term decline in food crop
productivity growth. High prices at world level would support EU agricultural exports in
spite of the decline in competitiveness, particularly with the assumed appreciation of the
EU commodity markets are expected to remain balanced - on average - over the outlook
period, without the need for market intervention. Prospects for agricultural income display a
small growth rate at EU level after 2011, resulting from continuing decline in labour input
rather than from income increases at sector level.
See tables:
Prospects for agricultural markets and income 2009-2020 cereals - EU (XLS).
Prospects for agricultural markets and income 2009-2020 meat - EU (XLS).
Prospects for agricultural markets and income 2009-2020 dairy - EU (XLS).
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ESPON, 2010

This project shall thus analyse the current state, trends and development perspectives for the largest cities and urban agglomerations within the European territory. It shall identify the driving forces of urban development which are the most relevant for understanding urban evolutions and offer scenarios for the development of Europe’s cities leading to alternative policy options.

  • Green Economy. This scenario aims at sustained recovery from the economic crisis, while addressing in priority the challenge of climate change. It requires a high level of stability in the global context and is based on the assumption that the massive adoption of new technologies aiming at drastically curbing down greenhouse gas emissions may generate significant growth and open new markets at world scale. The scenario is based on the assumption that the decisions adopted at international level aiming at curbing down the speed of climate change are efficiently used as an opportunity to generate significant economic growth throughout Europe.
  • Enhancing the European potential. This scenario is generated primarily by the emergence of new serious economic/financial troubles in the global context, with various large, but strongly indebted countries (USA, Japan etc) having lost their capacity of debt reimbursement. In this highly unstable and threatening environment, Europe adopts a more protective strategy and puts the priority on the enhancement of its own potential (500 million consumers; skilled manpower and technological excellence in various fields).

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Rolf-Barnim Foth, METREX Working Group on metropolitan-rural relations - Ministry of Economy, Transport and Innovation Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg , 2011

Many metropolitan areas and regions include vast rural areas. Within these functional regions, the urban and the rural areas cooperate very closely and can be regarded as cohesive systems. In Metropolitan Regions, urban and rural relations of this kind are of major importance, nevertheless often very complex and challenging. Cooperation also offers new opportunities to work together, for example, in the fields of traffic and transport, new technologies and business, food and nutrition, climate change, energy supply or tourism. Therefore urban, and especially rural regions, must know where their strengths lie in order to be able to achieve best results and mutual benefit. There are a lot of very good and interesting best practice examples in this publication from different European metropolitan areas. Please use this booklet as a source of inspiration and give support to new approaches to cohesion politics.

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