By Jale Tosun & Achim Lang, 2013


The coordination and integration of cross-sectoral policies have received burgeoning attention by both political scientists and practitioners. The European Union (EU), for example, has argued that no effective environmental policy can be formulated unless it is coordinated with decisions in cognate policy areas. This principle of environmental policy integration already mentioned back in 1987 when the Single European Act was adopted, but its scope has been extended ever since. Today, it
represents a key policy principle in the EU (Tosun and Solorio 2011). In fact, both scholars and practitioners agree that complex problems often require the coordination and integration of crosssectoral policies. The International Labour Organization (ILO), for instance, even has a department, i.e. the Policy Coherence Initiative, that aims at assisting countries to formulate and adopt policy portfolios that support coherence between the objectives of economic growth and the generation of work.