By Tina Freyburg, Tatiana Skripka and Anne Wetzel, 2007


This paper is part of an alternative theoretical perspective on the European Union’s democracy promotion. Drawing on authors who have taken an unconventional view on democracy, we develop the concept of democratic governance that allows an assessment of the democratic quality of sectoral governance. The first part of the paper outlines the model in which the EU promotes democratic governance through sector-specific co-operation with neighbouring countries. The second part conceptualises democratic governance. The third and main part discusses the three dimensions of democratic governance: (i) transparency; (ii) accountability; and (iii) participation. Illustrations for these dimensions are provided from the programmes that the EU undertakes in the sectors of competition, environment, labour, and migration and asylum in Morocco, Russia and Ukraine.

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